2017 Day 14 Complete!

master
Brian Buller 5 years ago
parent 3de38212ca
commit 1fc88a6ea3
  1. 238
      2017/day14/day14.go
  2. 1
      2017/day14/input
  3. 91
      2017/day14/problem
  4. 1
      2017/day14/testinput

@ -0,0 +1,238 @@
package main
import (
"bufio"
"errors"
"fmt"
"log"
"os"
"strconv"
"strings"
)
func main() {
doPart := 2
inp := "vbqugkhl" // My puzzle input
if len(os.Args) > 1 {
if os.Args[1] == "-1" {
doPart = 1
} else {
inp = strings.ToLower(os.Args[1])
}
}
if doPart == 1 {
part1(inp)
} else {
part2(inp)
}
}
func part1(inp string) {
var diskRows []string
for i := 0; i < 128; i++ {
diskRows = append(diskRows, KnotHash(fmt.Sprintf("%s-%d", inp, i)))
}
var usedSquares int
for i := range diskRows {
bin := GetBinaryString(diskRows[i])
usedSquares += strings.Count(bin, "1")
}
fmt.Println(usedSquares, "used squares")
}
var diskGrid map[string]bool
var groups map[string]int
func part2(inp string) {
diskGrid = make(map[string]bool)
groups = make(map[string]int)
fmt.Println("Building DiskGrid...")
var grpCnt int
for i := 0; i < 128; i++ {
row := GetBinaryString(KnotHash(fmt.Sprintf("%s-%d", inp, i)))
for j := range row {
diskGrid[cs(i, j)] = (row[j] == '1')
if row[j] == '1' {
groups[cs(i, j)] = grpCnt
grpCnt++
}
}
}
var iters int
red := true
for red {
red = ReduceGroups()
iters++
}
fmt.Println("Reduced", iters, "times")
fmt.Println(GetGroupCount(), "regions")
}
func ReduceGroups() bool {
var ret bool
for x := 0; x < 128; x++ {
for y := 0; y < 128; y++ {
if oV, oOk := diskGrid[cs(x, y)]; oOk && oV {
if dV, dOk := diskGrid[cs(x, y-1)]; dOk && dV && groups[cs(x, y-1)] != groups[cs(x, y)] {
CombineBlockGroups(cs(x, y), cs(x, y-1))
ret = true
}
if dV, dOk := diskGrid[cs(x-1, y)]; dOk && dV && groups[cs(x-1, y)] != groups[cs(x, y)] {
CombineBlockGroups(cs(x, y), cs(x-1, y))
ret = true
}
if dV, dOk := diskGrid[cs(x+1, y)]; dOk && dV && groups[cs(x+1, y)] != groups[cs(x, y)] {
CombineBlockGroups(cs(x+1, y), cs(x, y))
ret = true
}
if dV, dOk := diskGrid[cs(x, y+1)]; dOk && dV && groups[cs(x, y+1)] != groups[cs(x, y)] {
CombineBlockGroups(cs(x, y+1), cs(x, y))
ret = true
}
}
}
}
return ret
}
func CombineBlockGroups(b1, b2 string) {
if groups[b1] < groups[b2] {
groups[b1] = groups[b2]
} else {
groups[b2] = groups[b1]
}
}
func GetGroupCount() int {
var gps []int
for i := range groups {
var have bool
for j := range gps {
if groups[i] == gps[j] {
have = true
break
}
}
if !have {
gps = append(gps, groups[i])
}
}
return len(gps)
}
func FindGroup(x, y int) (int, error) {
key := cs(x, y)
if v, ok := groups[key]; ok {
return v, nil
}
return -1, errors.New("Not in a group")
}
func PrintUsageChunk(stX, stY, endX, endY int, showGroups bool) {
for x := stX; x < endX; x++ {
for y := stY; y < endY; y++ {
spot := "."
if v, ok := groups[cs(x, y)]; ok {
if showGroups {
v = v % 16
spot = fmt.Sprintf("%x", v)
} else {
spot = "#"
}
}
fmt.Printf(spot)
}
fmt.Println("")
}
}
// Get a map coordinate string for x, y
func cs(x, y int) string {
return fmt.Sprint(x, "-", y)
}
// Get the x, y coordinate from a string
func sc(c string) (int, int) {
pts := strings.Split(c, "-")
return Atoi(pts[0]), Atoi(pts[1])
}
func KnotHash(inp string) string {
var idx, skip int
var list []int
for i := 0; i < 256; i++ {
list = append(list, i)
}
inpBts := []byte(inp)
inpBts = append(inpBts, []byte{17, 31, 73, 47, 23}...)
for j := 0; j < 64; j++ {
for i := range inpBts {
idx, skip, list = khRound(int(inpBts[i]), idx, skip, list)
}
}
// Now calculate the dense hash
var dense []byte
for i := 0; i < len(list); i += 16 {
dense = append(dense, xorList(list[i:i+16]))
}
return fmt.Sprintf("%x", dense)
}
func khRound(i, idx, skip int, list []int) (int, int, []int) {
// if idx+i overflows, pull from the front
var revList []int
for j := idx; j < idx+i; j++ {
revList = append([]int{list[j%256]}, revList...)
}
for j := 0; j < len(revList); j++ {
list[(idx+j)%256] = revList[j]
}
idx += i + skip
skip++
return idx, skip, list
}
func xorList(inp []int) byte {
var ret byte
for i := range inp {
ret ^= byte(inp[i])
}
return ret
}
func GetBinaryString(inp string) string {
var bin string
for i := range inp {
var v int
if inp[i] >= '0' && inp[i] <= '9' {
v = int(inp[i] - '0')
} else if inp[i] >= 'a' && inp[i] <= 'f' {
v = int(inp[i] - 'a' + 10)
}
nibble := fmt.Sprintf("%04s", strconv.FormatInt(int64(v), 2))
bin += nibble
}
return bin
}
func StdinToString() string {
var input string
scanner := bufio.NewScanner(os.Stdin)
for scanner.Scan() {
input = scanner.Text()
}
return input
}
func Atoi(i string) int {
var ret int
var err error
if ret, err = strconv.Atoi(i); err != nil {
log.Fatal("Invalid Atoi")
}
return ret
}

@ -0,0 +1 @@
vbqugkhl

@ -0,0 +1,91 @@
Advent of Code
--- Day 14: Disk Defragmentation ---
Suddenly, a scheduled job activates the system's disk defragmenter. Were the situation different, you might sit and watch it for a while, but today, you just
don't have that kind of time. It's soaking up valuable system resources that are needed elsewhere, and so the only option is to help it finish its task as soon
as possible.
The disk in question consists of a 128x128 grid; each square of the grid is either free or used. On this disk, the state of the grid is tracked by the bits in a
sequence of knot hashes.
A total of 128 knot hashes are calculated, each corresponding to a single row in the grid; each hash contains 128 bits which correspond to individual grid
squares. Each bit of a hash indicates whether that square is free (0) or used (1).
The hash inputs are a key string (your puzzle input), a dash, and a number from 0 to 127 corresponding to the row. For example, if your key string were
flqrgnkx, then the first row would be given by the bits of the knot hash of flqrgnkx-0, the second row from the bits of the knot hash of flqrgnkx-1, and so on
until the last row, flqrgnkx-127.
The output of a knot hash is traditionally represented by 32 hexadecimal digits; each of these digits correspond to 4 bits, for a total of 4 * 32 = 128 bits. To
convert to bits, turn each hexadecimal digit to its equivalent binary value, high-bit first: 0 becomes 0000, 1 becomes 0001, e becomes 1110, f becomes 1111, and
so on; a hash that begins with a0c2017... in hexadecimal would begin with 10100000110000100000000101110000... in binary.
Continuing this process, the first 8 rows and columns for key flqrgnkx appear as follows, using # to denote used squares, and . to denote free ones:
##.#.#..-->
.#.#.#.#
....#.#.
#.#.##.#
.##.#...
##..#..#
.#...#..
##.#.##.-->
| |
V V
In this example, 8108 squares are used across the entire 128x128 grid.
Given your actual key string, how many squares are used?
Your puzzle answer was ________.
--- Part Two ---
Now, all the defragmenter needs to know is the number of regions. A region is a group of used squares that are all adjacent, not including diagonals. Every used
square is in exactly one region: lone used squares form their own isolated regions, while several adjacent squares all count as a single region.
In the example above, the following nine regions are visible, each marked with a distinct digit:
11.2.3..-->
.1.2.3.4
....5.6.
7.8.55.9
.88.5...
88..5..8
.8...8..
88.8.88.-->
| |
V V
Of particular interest is the region marked 8; while it does not appear contiguous in this small view, all of the squares marked 8 are connected when
considering the whole 128x128 grid. In total, in this example, 1242 regions are present.
How many regions are present given your key string?
Your puzzle answer was _____.
Both parts of this puzzle are complete! They provide two gold stars: **
At this point, you should return to your advent calendar and try another puzzle.
Your puzzle input was vbqugkhl.
References
Visible links
. http://adventofcode.com/
. http://adventofcode.com/2017/about
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. http://adventofcode.com/2017/settings
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. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Defragmentation
. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kPv1gQ5Rs8A&t=37
. http://adventofcode.com/2017/day/10
. http://adventofcode.com/2017
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